Embroidery, Tapestry and Cross Stitch
Embroidery is the art or cross stitch of decorating fabric or
other materials with designs stitched in strands of thread
using a needle. Many different types of stitches can be used.
Embroidery may also use other materials such as metal strips,
pearls, beads, quills, and sequins. Today modern sewing
machines are often used to create embroidery.
Tapestry is a form of textile art of cross stitch. It is woven by hand on a
vertical loom. It is weft-faced weaving, in which all the warp
threads are hidden in the completed work, unlike cloth weaving
where both the warp and the weft threads may be visible. In
this way, a colourful pattern or image is created. Most
weavers use a naturally based warp thread such as linen or
cotton. The weft threads are usually wool or cotton, but may
include silk, gold, silver, or other alternatives.
Both craftsmen and artists have produced tapestries. The
'blueprints' on cardboard (also known as 'tapestry cartoons')
were made by artists of repute, while the tapestries
themselves were produced by craftsmen.
Types of embroidery
Embroidery is classified according to the use of the
underlying foundation fabric.
Embroidery styles can be described according to the
relationship of stitch placement to the fabric.
In free embroidery, designs are applied without regard to the
weave of the underlying fabric. Examples include crewel and
traditional Chinese embroidery.
In counted-thread embroidery, patterns are created by making
stitches over a pre-determined number of threads in the
foundation fabric. Counted-thread embroidery is more easily
worked on an even-weave foundation fabric such as embroidery
canvas, aida cloth, or specially woven cotton and linen
fabrics although non-evenweave linen is used as well. Examples
include needlepoint and cross-stitch.